Air conditioning systems work by cooling a whole room, as opposed to a small, insulated space. The chemicals used easily change state and are used to transfer heat from the interior of a house to the outside air.
The Air Conditioner system consists of three main parts, namely the condenser, compressor and evaporator. The first two components are outside the structure of the main unit and the evaporator is inside the house. It sometimes is as part of the heating mechanism / furnace.
In the form of a cool gas at low pressure the fluid comes into the compressor. The compressor then squeezes the fluid, thus packing its molecules compactly. This process raises the fluid’s temperature and energy.
The liquid transforms into a hot gas at high pressure and leaves the compressor and is channeled into the condenser. There are metal fins all around any air conditioner exterior. They help dissipate the heat rapidly. The fluid’s temperature is much lower upon exiting the compressor. It changes from a gas into a liquid at higher pressure afterwards. This finds its way into the evaporator through a tiny aperture. The pressure of the liquid falls on the other side. It makes it evaporate into gaseous form. The liquid extracts heat from the air surrounding it while this goes on.
It is usually in the form of a cool gas at low pressure when the working fluid leaves the evaporator. It’s then returned to the compressor and the processor starts again. The evaporator contains a fan which circulates the air inside the house so that it blows across its fins. Whenever hot air is lighter than cool air it rises to the top of the room. Here, a vent sucks the air into the ducts of the air conditioner. After a while it comes for a heat exchange process after which the air is blown into the house through the ducts which located at the floor level.
The process continuous until the room’s wanted temperature is attained. This is usually set at the thermostat and it switches off the unit when this happens. The thermostat starts the AC once again when the room starts warming up again.